Driving the Pacific Coast Highway from LA to San Francisco

    Driving the Pacific Coast Highway from LA to San Francisco
    Last updated: December, 2019

    Of all the road trips we took across California, the drive from LA to San Francisco has been my all time favorite. There are several routes you can take when driving between these two destinations, depending on how much time you have and what you plan to accomplish on your trip.

    How to Drive from LA to San Francisco

    If you just want get straight from Los Angeles to San Francisco, the quickest way is via Interstate 5 Freeway. The distance is 383 miles and the drive takes about 5.5 to 6 hours, depending on the traffic. This route is however quite boring, except for a few scenic views around Pyramid Lake.

    The other option to get from LA to San Francisco is to drive the legendary Highway 1, also known as the Pacific Coast Highway (PCH). Although longer (442 miles) and more difficult, this route is one of the most scenic drives in the world that should be on any USA bucket list.

    Along this famous road you’ll drive by tiny coastal towns, redwood forests, state parks, famous wine regions, marine wildlife, and amazing scenery. Not to mention the many photo and outdoor adventure opportunities!

    The best way to experience this route is to take your time and stretch your drive over 2 or 3 days. There are many places along the way where you can stop to eat and drink, or for an overnight stay.

    Los Angeles TO San Francisco drive pin

    Best Places to Stop on the PCH When You Drive from LA to San Francisco

    California Coast is famous for its magnificent scenery, wine tasting, art festivals and year-round outdoor activities. Nearly all those taking a road trip through California include the LA to San Francisco drive in their itinerary. And nearly all of them face the same dilemma: how to fit everything into one trip? There is so much to see and always so little time! In this post I’ll share with you my favorite places to stop along the Pacific Coast Highway between Los Angeles and San Francisco. I will also give you some tips for what to do and see in these places.

    #1. Santa Monica

    Santa Monica is the closest place on Highway 1 (PCH) from Downtown Los Angeles. This beautiful beach town makes the list of every Los Angeles itinerary, so you should stop here at least for a short visit.

    Santa Monica Beach seen when driving from LA to San Francisco
    Santa Monica Beach

    The famous beach stretches along either side of the historic Santa Monica Pier. If you want to walk on the beach or visit the Pier, there is plenty of parking around. The paved path that follows the shoreline is a paradise for rollerblading, biking, or walking, but you probably won’t have time for that.

    View of Santa Monica Pier
    Santa Monica Pier

    The most popular spot in Santa Monica is the Pier at the foot of Colorado Avenue. This bustling wooden wharf is where the action is: souvenir shops, small restaurants, roller coaster, and a giant Ferris wheel. The historic Santa Monica Pier is a great place to stop for a bite.

    #2. Malibu Coast

    Just 18 miles further up the coast from Santa Monica the PCH will pass through Malibu town. Malibu is famous for the large number of Hollywood celebrities who live in this area, but also for its picturesque beaches. Some of Southern California’s most pristine beaches are in Malibu. Long stretches of shore with tide pools, caves and strange rock formations.

    Malibu beach on PCH on the LA to San Francisco drive
    Malibu Beach

    #3. Santa Barbara

    Beaches, wine, red tile roofs and beautiful gardens are just some of the things that made Santa Barbara famous. There is plenty to see and do here to justify and overnight stay, even though most people visit Santa Barbara as day trip from Los Angeles.

    Santa Barbara Pier
    Santa Barbara Pier (Canstock photo)

    One of the best things to do in town is visit the Courthouse and its clock tower. You can also stroll along the Wtearns Wharf – the longest deep-water pier between Los Angeles and San Francisco, or visit the Old Santa Barbara Mission. 

    #4. Solvang

    Just 11 miles off Highway 1, you can take a little detour to visit the Danish village of Solvang. With its European-style windmills, flower-lined streets and half timbered buildings, Solvang will surely steal your heart.

    Windmills in Solvang

    The first time I visited the village I thought I was walking in one of Hans Christian Andersen’s stories! The horse-drawn wagons and rooftop stork nests are in every way reminiscent of the old Danish countryside.

    #5. Morro Bay

    The next place worth stopping on your the Pacific Coast Highway is Morro Bay. This tiny fishing village is home to a beautiful state park and several bird and wildlife estuaries, so don’t miss it.

    Morro Rock
    Morro Rock

    In Morro Bay you’ll also see the renowned Morro Rock, an ancient volcanic knoll at the end of Morro Beach where a big colony of birds resides. The 576 feet high rock is surrounded by a beautiful lagoon where sea-otters and seals play all the day long. The beach is just the perfect place for a picnic, or for swimming. You can also rent a kayak and go around Morro Rock.

    #6. Piedras Blancas Elephant Seals Colony

    San Simeon has gained its reputation for being home to the flamboyant Hearst Castle. But not many people know that the beach in San Simeon is home to a big elephant seal colony.

    Until 1990, only under two dozen elephant seals could be seen here, but then something very strange happened. The next spring, over 400 seals showed up on the beach just south of the Piedras Blancas lighthouse. Why did that happen? Nobody knows, but after that the population continued to grow every year.

    Elephant Seal colony in Piedras Blancas

    Today, the rookery at Piedras Blancas has more than 17,000 elephant seals. You can visit the rookery any time of year. There are volunteer guides all around to answer your questions.

    Young males fighting for the territory at Piedras Blancas

    The Piedras Blancas rookery is just adjacent to Highway 1 and is very easy to access. Visiting the colony is free  and it takes about 20-30 minutes. 

    #7. Big Sur

    About 12 miles south of Big Sur you’ll come across the famous Julia Pfeiffer State Park. Although more difficult to drive, this stretch of the PCH is absolutely spectacular! The road winds around high cliffs with sheer drops that are both exhilarating and terrifying.

    McWay Falls in Big Sur
    McWay Falls

    The main feature of the park is McWay Falls, which drops from a high cliff into the Pacific Ocean. This place is totally worth a stop! Where else can you see a waterfall feeding into the ocean? This is the only place I’ve ever seen one. There is an access trail to the falls from the park, but you’ll have to pay the $10 entrance fee. If you have time, stop to visit the park which is home to redwoods that are over 2,500 years old. The falls can also be viewed from the road, but parking your car on the highway is dangerous.

    #8. Point Lobos Natural Reserve

    Point Lobos Natural Reserve is the crown jewel of the state parks in California. It’s nature at its best! The reserve’s fascinating wildlife and breathtaking beauty has made it a mecca for nature lovers and visitors from all around the world.

    cove at point lobos on the drive from Los Angeles to San Francisco
    Point Lobos

    Driving from Los Angeles, Point Lobos will be on your left side, just before you reach Carmel. The entrance to the park is not visible from the road, so look for signs.

    Wildlife at point lobos
    Wildlife in Point Lobos

    You can easily spend a day at Point Lobos, wandering through the coves, watching the wildlife and hiking the beautiful trails. You can see harbor seals, sea lions, sea otters and orcas. If you wander through the woods, you can even spot gray foxes, raccoons, opossums, deer, rabbits, bobcats and coyotes.

    #9. Carmel-by-the-Sea

    Carmel-by-the-Sea is the perfect place to stop for a day or two. This tiny European-style village sitting above a picture-perfect sand beach is one of the top-10 destination in the U.S. For many years Carmel has been the gathering place for many musicians, writers and painters. One of Carmel’s mayors was none other than the famous Hollywood actor Clint Eastwood.

    Ocean Avenue in Carmel

    The area around the main street is a mixture of art galleries, boutiques, shops and fine restaurants that draws hundreds of tourists every day of the year. The town’s architecture is a blend of charming small beach houses, rustic cottages, log cabins and breathtaking modern see-through glass homes, with a very high real estate value. The cheapest cottage in Carmel is close to 1 million dollars.

    Sunset on Ocean Beach in Carmel

    You could easily spend two-three days in this lovely beach town, but if you don’t have much time you should stop for at least an afternoon in Carmel-by-sea.

    #10. Carmel Mission

    Next to the town of Carmel is the beautiful San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission, also known as Carmel Mission. The mission was founded in 1770 by Father Junipero Serra, a Spanish Franciscan friar who founded nine other missions in California. Carmel was his favorite mission and he used it as his headquarters until his death in 1784.

    San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission

    The Mission’s courtyard and gardens are peaceful places to meditate or rest. There are also four museum galleries that give insight into the history of both the Monterey Peninsula and all of the California Missions. There is a small admission fee to access the mission and the grounds.

    #11. The 17-Mile Drive

    The 17-Mile Drive is one of the most scenic drives in the world and definitely the most beautiful stretch of coast of the Monterey Peninsula. The road runs through Pacific Grove to Pebble Beach, from the dramatic Pacific coastline to the majestic Del Monte Forest.

    California cost on the LA to Sn Francisco drive
    The Lone Cypress

    Each year millions of tourists pay a fee to travel this private road and catch a glimpse of the beautiful Lone Cypress, one of California’s best-known landmarks, Bird Rock, Spanish Bay and other points of interest located here.

    This shoreline is heavily populated with California Sea Lions. For miles and miles, you can see the baby seals and their mothers laying down on the sandy beaches.

    sea lions on the 17-mile drive Los Angeles to San Francisco
    California Sea Lions and Harbor Seals resting on the beach

    #12. Monterey

    At the end of the rugged 17-mile Drive you’ll come across the town of Monterey. Its famous Cannery Row was once the center of the sardine-packing industry.

    Cannery Row in Monterey

    Today, the former factories have been converted into gift shops, seafood restaurants and bars. Monterey will be your last stop on the LA to San Francisco drive, so take a last look at the California rugged coast. From Monterey the road continues inland towards San Francisco, leaving the ocean to the left.

    One of the big attractions in Monterey is the Bay Aquarium. This is the 6th largest aquarium in the world, with thousands of marine animals and plants on display.

    view of a Sea dragon at the Monterey Aquarium
    Leafy Sea Dragon

    The aquarium is home to sea otters, penguins, sharks, stingrays, jellyfish and numerous other native marine species. The aquarium has tanks which can be viewed both above and below the waterline. The centerpiece of the aquarium displays a 28-foot-high tank for viewing California coastal marine life and a Kelp Forest exhibit –the first exhibit in the world to include a living kelp forest.

    Tips for Driving the PCH

    Before you get started on your road trip, here are some helpful tips to consider:

    Without stopping, it takes approximately 8.5-9 hours to drive from LA to San Francisco on Highway 1. Keep in mind that this is NOT a 55 MPH highway. Your average speed will be around 35 MPH for about 95 miles (between San Simeon and Monterey.)

    View of the Pacific Coast along the PCH
    The Pacific Coast along the PCH

    For the most part, the drive is not particularly difficult. Hundreds of thousands of visitors drive this road every year with no major incidents. However, some parts of the PCH are a little nerve-wracking and require more attention. There are several hairpin turns on the coast after you pass Gorda. All of them however are indicated, telling you how fast to go (20 MPH).

    driving on Highway 1 one between LA and San Francisco
    Pacific Coast Highway

    If you become overwhelmed, there are turn-outs where you can pull off to relax. You should use those opportunities to exit your vehicle and stretch your legs, while taking in the views.

    Around Big Sur the road starts winding around high cliffs that drop almost vertically into the ocean. This is the scariest part of the road for me. There are however no places without guardrails or high berms. Therefore it’s impossible to go over the cliffs, unless you’re just not paying attention to the road.

    driving the PCH between LA and San Francisco
    Pacific Coast Highway

    Thanks to California’s mild weather, you can drive the Pacific Coast Highway between Los Angeles and San Francisco at any time of year. However, in winter you may encounter fog or rain along the coast, so the best weather is expected from late spring through fall.

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    Driving the PCH from LA to San Francisco